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World leaders urged to act on 'post-antibiotic apocalypse' by chief medical officer

World leaders urged to act on 'post-antibiotic apocalypse' by chief medical officer

England’s chief medical officer has warned of a “post-antibiotic apocalypse” as she issued a call to action urging global leaders to address the growing threat of antibiotic resistance.

Professor Dame Sally Davies said that if antibiotics lose their effectiveness it will spell “the end of modern medicine”.

Without the drugs used to fight infections, common medical interventions such as caesarean sections, cancer treatments and hip replacements would become incredibly “risky”, she said.

And transplant medicine would be a “thing of the past”, she added.

“We really are facing, if we don’t take action now, a dreadful post-antibiotic apocalypse,” she told the Press Association.

“I don’t want to say to my children that I didn’t do my best to protect them and their children.”

Health experts have previously warned that resistance to antimicrobial drugs could cause a bigger threat to mankind than cancer.

In recent years, the UK has led a drive to raise global awareness of the threat posed to modern medicine by antimicrobial resistance (AMR).

Around 700,000 people around the world die annually due to drug-resistant infections including tuberculosis (TB), HIV and malaria.

If no action is taken, it has been estimated that drug-resistant infections will kill 10 million people a year by 2050.

Dame Sally said that because AMR is “hidden”, people “just let it pass”.

The comments come as the UK Government and the Wellcome Trust, along with others, have organised a “call to action” meeting for health officials from around the globe.

At the meeting in Berlin, the Government will also announce a new project which will map the spread of death and disease caused by drug-resistant “superbugs”.

Dame Sally told the Press Association: “This AMR is with us now, killing people.

“This is a serious issue that is with us now, causing deaths.

“If it was anything else people would be up in arms about it. But because it is hidden they just let it pass.

“It does not really have a ‘face’ because most people who die of drug resistant infections, their families just think they died of an uncontrolled infection.

“It will only get worse unless we take strong action everywhere across the globe.

“We need some real work on the ground to make a difference or we risk the end of modern medicine.”

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Chief medical officer Professor Dame Sally Davies (Rex)

She added: “Not to be able to effectively treat infections means that caesarean sections, hip replacements, modern surgery, is risky.

“Modern cancer treatment is risky and transplant medicine becomes a thing of the past.”

Dame Sally warned that if the global community did not act then the progress which had been made in Britain may be “undermined”.

She added: “We use more than I would like and we estimate that about one in three or one in four prescriptions in primary care are probably not needed.

“But other countries use vastly more antibiotics in the community and they need to start doing as we are, which is reducing usage.

“Our latest data shows that we have reduced human consumption by 4.3 per cent in 2014/15 from the year before.”

In September the World Health Organisation warned that antibiotics are “running out” as a report found a “serious lack” of new drugs in the development pipeline.

The new project which will map the spread of superbugs is a collaboration between the UK Government, Wellcome Trust, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the University of Oxford and Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.

Foreign and international development minister Alistair Burt said the project will help to “pinpoint problem areas”.

He said: “The UK is not content to sit back and let this turn into a catastrophe.

“Part of the problem has been a lack of co-ordination of global efforts and an understanding of where we need to target our future efforts.

“The partnership we are announcing today – part of more than £160m in new research funding in the past year – will help us to pinpoint problem areas.

“This is just one part of our more than £615m investment by the UK Government into tackling drug-resistant infections since we launched our National Strategy at the end of 2013.”

As well as the global project, the Government has also pledged to highlight the threat at home with a domestic awareness campaign which will alert the public to the issue of AMR, reduce their expectation for antibiotics and supporting change among healthcare professionals.

Tim Jinks, head of drug resistant infections at the health research charity the Wellcome Trust, which is investing £2.4m in the mapping project, said: “While we have seen progress in recognition around the world of the threat that superbugs pose, we need to retain momentum. High-level commitments must quickly become action.

“The Global Burden of Disease AMR project will provide vital information on the spread and impact of drug resistance and is one of a number of activities Wellcome is supporting to help address this urgent global problem.

“Together, we can stop superbugs undermining the whole of modern medicine.”

Meanwhile, the Wellcome Trust, along with the UN Foundation, has conducted analysis on global action plans to tackle superbugs.

The research found that while 151 of 195 countries are developing a plan, just one in five commit to reducing antibiotic use, improving hygiene and preserving antibiotics of last resort.

And only 5% are adequately funded and monitored, Wellcome said.

Meanwhile another joint research project has been announced by the Academy of Medical Sciences.

The Academy had pledged to build stronger research links between the UK and India – where it is estimated that 60,000 babies die each year due to drug-resistant infections.

The programme, supported by The Yusuf and Farida Hamied Foundation, will include a visiting professor scheme and two major scientific meetings.

PA

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Facebook is completely broken, site confirms as it says it is 'investigating'

Facebook Is Completely Broken, Site Confirms As It Says It Is &Apos;Investigating&Apos;

 

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    Designed by Pierpaolo Lazzarini from Italian company Jet Capsule. The I.F.O. is fuelled by eight electric engines, which is able to push the flying object to an estimated top speed of about 120mph.

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    A humanoid robot gestures during a demo at a stall in the Indian Machine Tools Expo, IMTEX/Tooltech 2017 held in Bangalore

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    A humanoid robot gestures during a demo at a stall in the Indian Machine Tools Expo, IMTEX/Tooltech 2017 held in Bangalore

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    Engineers test a four-metre-tall humanoid manned robot dubbed Method-2 in a lab of the Hankook Mirae Technology in Gunpo, south of Seoul, South Korea

    Jung Yeon-Je/AFP/Getty Images

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    Engineers test a four-metre-tall humanoid manned robot dubbed Method-2 in a lab of the Hankook Mirae Technology in Gunpo, south of Seoul, South Korea

    Jung Yeon-Je/AFP/Getty Images

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    The giant human-like robot bears a striking resemblance to the military robots starring in the movie ‘Avatar’ and is claimed as a world first by its creators from a South Korean robotic company

    Jung Yeon-Je/AFP/Getty Images

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    Engineers test a four-metre-tall humanoid manned robot dubbed Method-2 in a lab of the Hankook Mirae Technology in Gunpo, south of Seoul, South Korea

    Jung Yeon-Je/AFP/Getty Images

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    Waseda University’s saxophonist robot WAS-5, developed by professor Atsuo Takanishi

    Rex

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    Waseda University’s saxophonist robot WAS-5, developed by professor Atsuo Takanishi and Kaptain Rock playing one string light saber guitar perform jam session

    Rex

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    A test line of a new energy suspension railway resembling the giant panda is seen in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China

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    A test line of a new energy suspension railway, resembling a giant panda, is seen in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China

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    A concept car by Trumpchi from GAC Group is shown at the International Automobile Exhibition in Guangzhou, China

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    A Mirai fuel cell vehicle by Toyota is displayed at the International Automobile Exhibition in Guangzhou, China

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    A visitor tries a Nissan VR experience at the International Automobile Exhibition in Guangzhou, China

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    A man looks at an exhibit entitled ‘Mimus’ a giant industrial robot which has been reprogrammed to interact with humans during a photocall at the new Design Museum in South Kensington, London

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    A new Israeli Da-Vinci unmanned aerial vehicle manufactured by Elbit Systems is displayed during the 4th International conference on Home Land Security and Cyber in the Israeli coastal city of Tel Aviv

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    Electrification Guru Dr. Wolfgang Ziebart talks about the electric Jaguar I-PACE concept SUV before it was unveiled before the Los Angeles Auto Show in Los Angeles, California, U.S

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    The Jaguar I-PACE Concept car is the start of a new era for Jaguar. This is a production preview of the Jaguar I-PACE, which will be revealed next year and on the road in 2018

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    Japan’s On-Art Corp’s CEO Kazuya Kanemaru poses with his company’s eight metre tall dinosaur-shaped mechanical suit robot ‘TRX03’ and other robots during a demonstration in Tokyo, Japan

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    Japan’s On-Art Corp’s eight metre tall dinosaur-shaped mechanical suit robot ‘TRX03’

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    Japan’s On-Art Corp’s eight metre tall dinosaur-shaped mechanical suit robot ‘TRX03’ performs during its unveiling in Tokyo, Japan

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    Singulato Motors co-founder and CEO Shen Haiyin poses in his company’s concept car Tigercar P0 at a workshop in Beijing, China

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    The interior of Singulato Motors’ concept car Tigercar P0 at a workshop in Beijing, China

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    Singulato Motors’ concept car Tigercar P0

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    A picture shows Singulato Motors’ concept car Tigercar P0 at a workshop in Beijing, China

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    Connected company president Shigeki Tomoyama addresses a press briefing as he elaborates on Toyota’s “connected strategy” in Tokyo.
    The Connected company is a part of seven Toyota in-house companies that was created in April 2016

    Getty

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    A Toyota Motors employee demonstrates a smartphone app with the company’s pocket plug-in hybrid (PHV) service on the cockpit of the latest Prius hybrid vehicle during Toyota’s “connected strategy” press briefing in Tokyo

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    An exhibitor charges the battery cells of AnyWalker, an ultra-mobile chasis robot which is able to move in any kind of environment during Singapore International Robo Expo

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    A robot with a touch-screen information apps stroll down the pavillon at the Singapore International Robo Expo

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    An exhibitor demonstrates the AnyWalker, an ultra-mobile chasis robot which is able to move in any kind of environment during Singapore International Robo Expo

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    Robotic fishes swim in a water glass tank displayed at the Korea pavillon during Singapore International Robo Expo

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    An employee shows a Samsung Electronics’ Gear S3 Classic during Korea Electronics Show 2016 in Seoul, South Korea

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    Visitors experience Samsung Electronics’ Gear VR during the Korea Electronics Grand Fair at an exhibition hall in Seoul, South Korea

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    Amy Rimmer, Research Engineer at Jaguar Land Rover, demonstrates the car manufacturer’s Advanced Highway Assist in a Range Rover, which drives the vehicle, overtakes and can detect vehicles in the blind spot, during the first demonstrations of the UK Autodrive Project at HORIBA MIRA Proving Ground in Nuneaton, Warwickshire

    PA wire

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    Chris Burbridge, Autonomous Driving Software Engineer for Tata Motors European Technical Centre, demonstrates the car manufacturer’s GLOSA V2X functionality, which is connected to the traffic lights and shares information with the driver, during the first demonstrations of the UK Autodrive Project at HORIBA MIRA Proving Ground in Nuneaton, Warwickshire

    PA wire

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    Ford EEBL Emergency Electronic Brake Lights is demonstrated during the first demonstrations of the UK Autodrive Project at HORIBA MIRA Proving Ground in Nuneaton, Warwickshire

    PA

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    Full-scale model of ‘Kibo’ on display at the Space Dome exhibition hall of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) Tsukuba Space Center, in Tsukuba, north-east of Tokyo, Japan

    EPA

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    Miniatures on display at the Space Dome exhibition hall of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) Tsukuba Space Center, in Tsukuba, north-east of Tokyo, Japan.
    In its facilities, JAXA develop satellites and analyse their observation data, train astronauts for utilization in the Japanese Experiment Module ‘Kibo’ of the International Space Station (ISS) and develop launch vehicles

    EPA

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    The robot developed by Seed Solutions sings and dances to the music during the Japan Robot Week 2016 at Tokyo Big Sight. At this biennial event, the participating companies exhibit their latest service robotic technologies and components

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    The robot developed by Seed Solutions sings and dances to music during the Japan Robot Week 2016 at Tokyo Big Sight

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    Government and industry are working together on a robot-like autopilot system that could eliminate the need for a second human pilot in the cockpit

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    Aurora Flight Sciences’ technicians work on an Aircrew Labor In-Cockpit Automantion System (ALIAS) device in the firm’s Centaur aircraft at Manassas Airport in Manassas, Va.

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    Flight Simulator

    Stefan Schwart and Udo Klingenberg preparing a self-built flight simulator to land at Hong Kong airport, from Rostock, Germany

    EPA

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Apple's Tim Cook: The world is gradually getting better but people must speak out

Apple&Apos;S Tim Cook The World Is Gradually Getting Better But People Must Speak Out

The world is gradually getting better even if it might not feel that way when you’re “in the midst of it”, Apple boss Tim Cook has said.

But despite that people must be sure to speak out about what they believe since keeping silent is the “ultimate consent”, he said in an interview with The Independent as he discussed Apple’s brand new augmented reality technology.

The discussion came just a day after Mr Cook had visited a cemetery in Normandy, to mark the soldiers whose lives were lost and destroyed during the events of the second world war.

“From a personal point of view, I have a deep connection with men and women that served in the military,” he told The Independent. “I came from a military family. My father fought in the Korean war, my brother served in the air force. Many people in the extended family – there’s a deep belief in serving country.

“So that’s a huge link for me personally. What happened there in particular was the key turning point, in that awful war.”

He said that he hadn’t made that decision as any reflection on current events. But it was a reminder of the importance of fighting for human rights, care and respect, he said.

“You think about what happened in that war and what people were fighting for, and it goes to the basics of human dignity,” he said.

“Today at Apple we still fight for this, and advocate for human rights, and we believe that every generation has a responsibility to enlarge the definition, not move inward.

“And so you can see, we’ve been very clear and straight, we don’t believe in being silent, we think silence is sort of the ultimate consent.”

And despite all of that – any the many problems in the world today – Mr Cook still believes that the world is gradually improving. That doesn’t mean people should be complacent, however, and everyone ought to help accelerate the recognition and safety of ever more people.

“I think that history sort of ebbs and flows at time, but the arc always goes in a certain direction. And I think that will happen now as it happened in the 60s and 70s, and has in a lot of ways continued to happen,” he said.

“Sometimes I think being in the midst of it, it doesn’t feel like it. But looking back, particularly for me, I saw the way that African-Americans were treated in the 60s and into the 70s – and still today in too many places. But then arguably the laws also not only allowed it but facilitated discrimination.

“So I’ve seen massive improvement. And my optimism stems from that history – I do think that is the arc across the world. What each of us has to do is do everything we can to hit the accelerator key.

“Life would be so much easier if we just treated everybody with dignity and respect. You think about all the problems in the world – half of them would be solved with just that! Life would be so much better.”

Mr Cook has been notably outspoken during his time as Apple CEO. He has discussed the importance of privacy and security, increased the company’s focus on the environment and renewable energy, and opposed immigration laws that could result in its own employees being kicked out of the country.

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Get Rid of Back Pain With These 9 Best Office Chairs  

Get Rid of Back Pain With These  Best Office Chairs  

Do you often experience pains in your back? Many people do. Then you’d be interested in office chairs on sale. Office chairs are key considerations in our health and comfort.In fact, statistics from a study by the Annals of Rheumatic Diseases show that 10 percent of the world’s population suffer from back pains. Back pains are not only stressful to those afflicted, they also affect productivity negatively.This is one of the reasons why ergonomics matter. In fact, it can have a great impact on our lives, because when its insights are leveraged, we’d all have more comfortable lives. If we are not using the right chairs, we may start experiencing neck pains and back pains soon. .In this article, we share with you key insights about ergonomics; how to select the right chair and we reviewed 9 best chairs office chairs. But, first things first, what is ergonomics, and what are its key benefits?

Ergonomics

Ergonomics is a science concerned with how to design of workplaces, systems, products…in such a way that they fit those who use them. It takes into consideration our bodies’ structure and requirements to suggest and implement solutions which ensure the safety and health of those working in a particular environment. Many have a misconception that ergonomics is simply about designing fitting chairs! It’s a science, and as you can see its scope is broad.What to look for in choosing the right ergonomic chairs

Seat Height

A chair that’s adjustable (not rigid) is the ideal. It allows for flexibility. A good chair would have a pneumatic level for easy adjustment. The height of the seat should be about 16 to 21 inches off the floor. It should be such that it can be tilted backward or to the front.

Seat Width and Depth

The standard is 17-20 inches wide, to provide enough comfortable space for the user.

Lumbar support

An ergonomic chair should take the lumbar spine into consideration. When we sit on regular chairs, for a long time, we tend to slouch, without this support the spine is strained, naturally leading to discomfort. The spine has an inward curve that should be supported, and this lumbar adjustment comes with ergonomic chairs. The height and width can be adjusted at will.

Backrest

The standard for the backrest is 12 to 19 inches. Ideally, its angle and height should be adjustable. It should be such that it supports the spine’s curve, especially the lumbar region.

Seat material

Sitting on a hard surface for an extended period can be uncomfortable. Thus the material used should be padded, with foam, or cloth. This makes the long hours bearable.

Armrest

The armrest should be such that the user’s arms and elbows can rest comfortably. It should be adjustable.

Swivel

Ergonomic chairs can be rotated. This enables the user to be able to reach for what they want around the table and their space without any strain.The following are our recommendation on 9 Best Office Chairs. It is just a few points about each that we share, because these are the best. We have separated the wheat from the chaff. 

  1. Herman MillerSayl

    It is available in several colors. It provides lumbar support and it can be easily adjusted. It’s the same chair used by the British school of Osteopathy, in their training centers. 

  1. Kloeber Mera Klimastuhl

    It is in a class by itself, because apart from the stylish design, it incorporates a heating system. Its temperature can be adjusted. And, can even be used to treat a sore back. 

  1. JohnLewis Murray Ergonomic Office Chair

    It has all the upsides of a great ergonomic chair, but you’d have to assemble it. 

  1. Herman Miller Aeron

    It has the most stunning design and addresses about 8 different pressure points, with its comfort precision technology. It also offers a 12-year warranty. 

  1. Back App Chair

    This has a unique design, and at first blush does not even look comfortable. It rotates and amongst other things is great for the spinal muscles. Within a short-term, you’d get used to its unique shape. 

  1. Hag Capisco Puls

    It is modeled after a rider’s saddle and is great for sitting or perching. It encourages you to move around. It is made from recycled material, and at such it is eco-friendly. It comes in an array of colors. 

  1. Ikea Markus

    It has a sleek design, it is executive styled. It has the key attributes of a great ergonomic chair and there is a headrest, too. You have to assemble it yourself. 

  1. Vitra Pacific

    It provides exceptional comfort and adjustability. It also has a coat hanger, and aluminum arms are an option. 

  1. Humanscale Diffrient World Office Chair

    It is made from mesh and is self-adjusting. It is made by one of the pioneers of ergonomic design. 

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Windows Phone dead: Microsoft finally gives up on unloved operating system

Windows Phone dead Microsoft finally gives up on unloved operating system

Microsoft has finally given up on Windows Phone.

The company’s mobile platform has been floundering for several years, and the announcement will take very few people by surprise.

It came via Joe Belfiore, who confirmed the decision came down to a shortage of apps.

“Of course we’ll continue to support the platform.. bug fixes, security updates, etc. But building new features/[hardware] aren’t the focus,” he wrote over the weekend.

“We have tried VERY HARD to [incentivise] app devs. Paid money.. wrote apps 4 them.. but volume of users is too low for most companies to invest.”

A crippling shortage of popular apps has always been Windows Phone’s biggest problem, and Microsoft never managed to address it.

The software’s user interface was vastly different to those of Android and iOS, and widely praised, as were many of the handsets Nokia built for the platform.

However, they could never make up for the app problem.

Mr Belfiore also admitted to switching from Windows Phone to a rival mobile platform. Bill Gates recently did the same thing, choosing Android over the iPhone. 

That said, Windows Phone still has some fans, and Microsoft will continue rolling out security updates to keep them protected.

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A woman with 7 income streams explains why its one of the best things you can do for your career

A woman with 7 income streams explains why its one of the best things you can do for your career
  • Dorie Clark is a marketing strategist and the author of “Entrepreneurial You.”
  • She recommends diversifying your income and career so that you’re never left in the lurch if you lose a job.
  • Having multiple jobs and income sources also helps you develop your skills and build your brand.

In 2001, Dorie Clark was working as a political reporter. It was her first job out of grad school.

One day the director of human resources called her into his office. “I thought perhaps they were changing our dental plan,” she recounts in her new book, “Entrepreneurial You.” “Instead, I got laid off — effective immediately.”

Today, Clark is a marketing strategist, an adjunct professor of business administration at Duke University’s Fuqua School of Business, and the author of multiple books, the most recent of which is “Entrepreneurial You.”

On an episode of The Art of Charm podcast, Clark explained the value of diversifying your income streams and professional pursuits, so that should you meet a fate like she did in 2001, you won’t be devastated.

Here’s Clark:

“Everybody knows if you have money, you shouldn’t invest it all in one stock. Everybody knows that’s a bad idea. You need to diversify there.

“But for our jobs, for how we make money, I think many of us — most of us — have one way we make money. It can be very risky. I’ve really come to believe, and have done a lot of research over the years, that one of the best ways that we can create real, legitimate professional stability for ourselves is by choosing to cultivate multiple income streams.

“That’s certainly true for entrepreneurs, but even for people who work inside a company, cultivating a side income stream of some sort — whether it’s having an Etsy store on the side, or doing a little bit of coaching or having a workshop now and then, whatever it is, doing a little bit of paid speaking — having that sideline gives you additional protection against uncertainty and also has a lot of other benefits.

“Frankly it helps you build your skills; it helps you develop your brand.”

In the book, Clark writes that she currently earns a living from seven sources: writing books, speaking, teaching at a business school, consulting, executive coaching, running online courses, and generating affiliate income through her email list.

On the podcast, Clark shared another story that illustrates the power of diversifying your career, drawn from “Entrepreneurial You.”

Lenny Achan started his career as a nurse at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City; on the side, he was developing apps. His boss found out and was impressed, and gave him the chance to head up social media for the hospital. Achan accepted the opportunity and performed so well that he subsequently became the head of communications at Mount Sinai.

Leonardo da Vinci is another example of someone who was a “wide achiever,” in the words of Roman Krznaric, author of “How to Find Fulfilling Work.” Da Vinci was alternately a portraitist, an inventor, and a scientist. Krznaric says that in light of decreasing job security today, spreading yourself among several different jobs, as da Vinci did, is probably a smart thing to do.

In “Entrepreneurial You,” Clark quotes Jenny Blake, a former Googler, a career coach, and the author of “Pivot.”

Blake said when she was starting to build her speaking business, she relied on one-on-one coaching sessions to provide “bridge income.” That is, even though speaking was her passion, she wasn’t yet earning enough from her speaking gigs to support herself — the income bridged the gap between two career phases.

Clark offers a free online assessment to see how you can start diversifying your income and career. But there are plenty of so-called “side gigs” you can take up, from web designer (up to $32 an hour) to group fitness instructor (up to $41 an hour).

Read more:

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• This chart is easy to interpret: It says we’re screwed
• How Uber became the world’s most valuable startup
• These 4 things could trigger the next crisis in Europe

Read the original article on Business Insider UK. © 2016. Follow Business Insider UK on Twitter.

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Mum hails stranger a 'hero' after helping calm down her autistic son

Mum Hails Stranger A Hero After Helping Calm Down Her Autistic Son

The mother of a five-year-old boy with autism and ADHD has hailed a man her ‘hero’ after he stepped in to help calm her son down during a train journey.

Gayna Pealling was travelling home to Farnborough from Portsmouth with Jack, and four-year-old daughter Amy, when her son “started to have a meltdown.”

But in the midst of people who were tutting and staring, one kind passenger came to her rescue.

“This random lovely stranger called Dan took over and was talking to both my children,” the mum wrote on Facebook accompanying an image of the heartwarming moment.

“He calmed my son down and the train journey was perfect… thank you to this man, you really don’t know how much I appreciated your help.

“This guy is my hero.”

Pealling revealed that she had asked the other passengers to bear with her son’s tantrum explaining that he has autism and ADHD.

And, at one point when she was particularly struggling to get Jack to take his medication, Dan Ball, 21, from Farringdon, kindly stepped in before sitting with the family for the rest of the journey – 55 minutes.

“Dan shouted out: ‘I take tablets so how about you show me how to take them’. Jack said alright I’ll take the tablets. Dan started talking to my daughter and colouring, and after a while Jack wanted to sit with him, too,” the mother told HuffPost UK.

“I put it on a ‘Spotted in London’ group afterwards and that’s how I found Dan, and messaged him to say thank you again.

“Unsd. People assume you’re a bad parent or it’s a bad child.”

The pair have since set up a campaign to help raise awareness of the condition with the help of Mr Ball’s mother Barbara, who has worked in the special needs sector since 1976.

In addition, Mr Ball also has a fundraising page for the National Autistic Society which has already exceeded its £1,000 target.

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Apple 'gave Uber unprecedented access to iPhones', cybersecurity expert claims

Apple Gave Uber Unprecedented Access To IPhone

Apple granted ride hailing app Uber “totally unprecedented” permission allowing its app to read iPhone screens even when only in background use, it has been alleged.

Will Strafach, the CEO of Sudo Security Group, pointed out the “anomaly” on Twitter earlier this week, saying it was “very unusual” and could only have been granted to the taxi-hailing company by Apple.

Asked why this was a concern, the security expert tweeted that it apparently gave the company the “ability to read directly from the screen even in background”.

Another Twitter user claimed the permission would enable Uber to record the screen of the device even when app was closed and in theory potentially access sensitive information.

In reply to Mr Strafach, Melanie Ensign, the head of security and privacy communications for Uber, said: “(The software) was used to render Uber maps on iphone & send to Apple Watch before Watch apps could handle it. It’s not in use & being removed. Thx!”

Mr Strafach replied: “Do you have any details on how Uber convinced Apple to grant this entitlement? (totally unprecedented).”

He said he could not see evidence of any other app having been granted a similar sensitive entitlement.

An Uber spokesman said the software was only used for a short period on an old version of the Apple Watch app and had not been in use for some time.

The spokesman said: “It enabled the app to run the memory-intensive rendering of maps on the iPhone & then send the image to the Watch app. It was never used for any other purpose and has been non-functional in our code for quite some time.

“The memory limitation of Apple Watch was fixed by subsequent updates in the OS (operating system) and we’ve issued an update to our app to remove the (software) completely.”

It comes days after a “constructive” meeting between Uber’s new boss and London’s transport commissioner to discuss the firm’s future in the capital.

Uber seeks to continue operating in the city, after regulator Transport for London refused to renew the firm’s licence on the grounds of “public safety and security implications”.

Press Association

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Indian food breaks all the flavour theory rules – and that's why it's so delicious

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If cuisines were people, French food would be a goody-two-shoes know it all, always the first to have their hand up in class, and Indian food would be the rebel at the back of the class in a leather jacket who everyone is intimidated by but secretly wants to be friends with. That’s because Indian food breaks all the rules of cooking.

It comes down to what is known as the food pairing theory. Originated by experimental chef Heston Blumenthal and flavour chemist Francois Benzi, it describes how foods with matching flavour molecules supposedly create the best-tasting grub. The average ingredient is packed with around 50 different flavour molecules, while something more complex like red wine can contain over a thousand. Acetal, for instance, is present in apple juice, orange juice and whiskey. This idea explains why seemingly disparate ingredients like bananas and parsley complement each other.

“There are two primary factors that drive a dish’s flavor,” explains Karen Page, who authored The Flavor Bible with Andrew Dornenburg. “Number one: ingredients, and number two: techniques.”

In the book they highlight how it is also useful to consider some ingredients as “quiet” – for instance butter, cream, milk, paneer, rice and tofu – and “loud”, for instance blue cheese, chiles, horseradish, rosemary, tarragon, wasabi.

“Quiet ingredients pair more readily with others than loud ingredients, which are more dominant and can clash with other loud flavors,” says Page.

“If you taste dishes from various countries that use similar primary ingredients, for instance, carrots, chicken, onions, their flavour profiles can vary dramatically. Why? It is often due to the secondary and tertiary ingredients and the techniques used.

“The secondary and tertiary ingredients that give various cuisines their distinctive flavours are often herbs, spices, and other flavourings.”

Indian food, however, breaks the mould in comparison to Western cuisine. Dishes like the biriani don’t share compounds, explains Sarah Ali Choudhury, a finalist in Tommy Miah’s International Indian Chef of the Year competition. Firstly, the average meal contains around seven ingredients.

“The pungent ingredients used in Indian food have subtle molecular-level differences which distinguishes Indian food from Western food. Out of the estimated almost 400 ingredients in the world, our cuisine creates knock out dishes by using around 200​ of these,” she adds.

A 2015 study at the Indian Institute of Technology in Jodhpur investigated 2,500 recipes from regions including Bengal, Gujarat, Punjab, and South India. They discovered that the recipes were negatively paired which was exacerbated by the addition of spices like garam masala and tamarind.

But Page points to the fact that the flavour theory is really just a way for scientists to try to understand what makes certain foods pop, rather than an affront to Indian chefs.

“Bolder cuisines that feature loud-flavored ingredients are always trickier to manoeuvre, for instance Mexican and Thai, which feature the use of chilies and can sometimes get hot-hot-hot.  Thai cuisine balances fresh chiles with aromatic ingredients, while Mexican cuisine coaxes an astonishing range of flavours through using both fresh and dried chilies,” she explains.

“But when the execution is right, the complexity of Indian, Mexican and Thai cuisine is astonishingly appealing.”

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Lifestyle

Pixel 2 and XL: Google tries to kill the iPhone with two new Androids

Pixel 2 And XL Google Tries To Kill The IPhone With Two New Androids

Google has unveiled two brand new phones, just weeks after Apple’s big iPhone launch.

The Pixel 2 and Pixel 2 XL are designed to compete directly with the iPhone 8, iPhone 8 Plus and iPhone X, the latter of which is due to come out at the end of this month.

Google’s new handsets are shaping up as two of the best Android phones on the market, and consumers may have difficulty choosing between the new Pixels and new iPhones.

Apple just about has the edge on the design front. The Pixels are unique-looking, but can’t be described as the prettiest smartphones out there, thanks mainly to their prominent bezels.

The iPhone 8 and 8 Plus aren’t exactly stunning either, but they look slightly slicker than the Pixels. The iPhone X, however, is by far the most attractive of the bunch.

The Pixel XL 2 is definitely superior to the regular model, thanks to its larger, sharper display, but there isn’t as marked a difference here as there is between the iPhone 8 and 8 Plus, and the 8 Plus and X.

The X looks a lot better than the others, and has Apple’s highly advanced TrueDepth camera, which the 8 and 8 Plus don’t have. It also has a better rear camera than the 8 Plus, which in turn has a better rear camera – and a better screen – than the 8.

Something both Apple and Google are focusing on this year is AR. The Pixel lets you play with augmented reality stickers through the phone’s camera, and you can do something very similar with the iPhone 8 and X, thanks to ARKit.

We haven’t spent enough time wither either system to pick one over the other, but it will be interesting to see how the battle develops over time.

Both companies have also made huge claims about their phones’ camera systems, but we’ll only get the chance to compare them when the Pixels and iPhone X actually hit the market.

Where Android usually has the upper hand over iPhone is in the pricing department. However, that’s not completely the case this year.

The Pixel 2 and Pixel 2 XL start at £629 and £799 respectively, while the iPhone 8, iPhone 8 Plus and iPhone X will cost you a minimum of £699, £799 and £999 respectively.

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